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常见有机溶剂极性、沸点、毒性表.doc
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有机溶剂极性表化合物名称极性粘度沸点吸收波长i-pentane(异戊烷)0-30-n-pentane(正戊烷)00.2336210Petroleumether(石油醚)0.010.330~60210Hexane(己烷)0.060.3369210Cyclohexane(环己烷)0.1181210Isooctane(异辛烷)0.10.5399210Trifluoroaceticacid(三***乙酸)0.1-72-Trimethylpentane(三***戊烷)0.10.4799215Cyclopentane(环戊烷)0.20.4749210n-heptane(庚烷)0.20.4198200Butylchloride(丁基***;丁酰***)10.4678220Trichloroethylene(三***乙烯;乙炔化三***)10.5787273Carbontetrachloride(四***化碳)1.60.9777265Trichlorotrifluoroethane(三***三***代乙烷)1.90.7148231i-propylether(丙基醚;丙醚)2.40.3768220Toluene(甲苯)2.40.59111285p-xylene(对二甲苯)2.50.65138290Chlorobenzene(***苯)2.70.8132-o-dichlorobenzene(邻二***苯)2.71.33180295Ethylether(二***;醚)2.90.2335220Benzene(苯)30.6580280Isobutylalcohol(异丁醇)34.7108220Methylenechloride(二***甲烷)3.40.4440245Ethylenedichloride(二***化乙烯)3.50.7884228n-butanol(正丁醇)3.72.95117210n-butylacetate(醋酸丁酯;乙酸丁酯)4-126254n-propanol(丙醇)42.2798210Methylisobutylketone(***异丁***)4.2-119330Tetrahydrofuran(四氢呋喃)4.20.5566220Ethylacetate(乙酸乙酯)4.300.4577260i-propanol(异丙醇)4.32.3782210Chloroform(***仿)4.40.5761245Methylethylketone(***乙基***)4.50.4380330Dioxane(二恶烷;二氧六环;二氧杂环己烷)4.81.54102220Pyridine(吡啶)5.30.97115305Acetone(***)5.40.3257330Nitromethane(硝基甲烷)60.67101330Aceticacid(乙酸)6.21.28118230Acetonitrile(乙***)6.20.3782210Aniline(苯***)6.34.4184-Dimethylformamide(二***甲酰***)6.40.92153270Methanol(甲醇)6.60.665210Ethyleneglycol(乙二醇)6.919.9197210Dimethylsulfoxide(二甲亚砜DMSO)7.22.24189268Water(水)10.21100 内容来自淘豆网www.taodocs.com转载请标明出处.